source: Quora

HTML + CSS for Web Developers

** Follow style guidelines and comments to make your code concise and clear to other developers

  • Good HTML
  • HTML5 Audio, Video, Local & Session Storage.
  • HTML Canvas, Offline(Manifest)
  • HTML5 History & Geolocation
  • CSS Placement
  • CSS Resets & Normalization.
  • CSS Preprocessors (LESS/SASS)
  • Responsive Design
  • CSS Grid Systems
  • Bootstrap
  • ICON Fonts


HTML/CSS Frameworks

  • Twitter Bootstrap 4.
  • CSS
  • Bulma (No JS).
  • Zurb Foundation. (Alternate to Bootstrap).
  • Skeleton – very light Boilerplate CSS.


JavaScript for Web Developers

  • DOM Traversal & Manipulation & Creating Elements
  • Objects in Detail.
  • Asynchronous Nature of JavaScript (Event loop)
  • Hoisting
  • Scopes & Closures
  • Context & this
  • Prototypes & prototypal inheritance.
  • Objects in Detail
  • Understand JavaScript Callback (Higher-Order) Function.
  • Understand JavaScript’s “this” With Clarity, and Master It
  • JavaScript’s Apply, Call, and Bind Methods are Essentials
  • Object Oriented JavaScript (OOP in JavaScript)


Frontend JS Frameworks (Choose One)

  • React: Popular Library for view Layer, JSX, Fast, Redux
  • Angular: Popular in enterprise, full featured, ngRx (RxJS powered state management for Angular applications, inspired by Redux).
  • js: Fast, light, easy to use, Vuex (state management pattern + library for Vue.js applications)
  • Aurelia: Light, feels like Vanilla JavaScript.


Server-Side web technologies

  • js: Fast, Powerful and scalable
  • Python: Popular, Rapid Development, great integration.
  • PHP: practical, easy to deploy – WordPress & Laravel
  • Ruby: Rapid development, strong community.
  • C#/ASP.NET: very powerful, backed by Microsoft.



  • MongoDB
  • MySQL
  • Firebase: cloud database maintained by Google


Content Management systems:

  • Cloud Hosting: AWS, Heroku
  • HTTP and Interacting with the server
  • HTTP (request methods – GET, PUT, POST, DELETE)
  • XHR (API in the form of an object whose methods transfer data between a web browser and a web server. The object is provided by the browser’s JavaScript environment)
  • JSON
  • Page Request Lifecycle.
  • POSTMAN tool for testing endpoints.


Basic Tools & Libraries

  • Bower/NPM
  • jQuery (DOM Manipulation, Traversal, Animations & XHR AJAX Calls & widespread Use & Plugin Library)
  • Underscore/Lodash (Utility Functions)
  • Modernizr
  • JSLint/JSHint/ESlint
  • Grunt/Gulp
  • MVC frameworks
  • Babel & Webpack.

The Browser – Runtime environment for your application.

  • Browser Capabilities
  • Developer Tools
  • Multiple Browser Testing
  • Performance of Web App Considerations
  • Style & script Placement
  • CDN’s (Pre-Caching, Distributed Regional Servers, Reduce Load and Bandwidth).
  • Minification

Side technologies should you learn

  • Git, JIRA
  • Basic Command Line
  • APIS / REST.
  • Web-pack & Babel

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